1. Plain Seam
2. Slot Seam
3. French Seam
4. Flat-Felled Seam
What is a seam?
A seam is two fabrics matched and joined together to form a finished edge. The seam you select should be appropriate for the fabric, type of garment, and location of the seam in the garment.
What is a seam allowance?
The seam allowance is the excess fabric to sew a seam. Seam allowances vary from 1/4 inch to 1 inch. The standard seam allowance for domestic sewing is 5/8 inch.
What is a seamline?
The seamline is the sewing/stitching line on a pattern.
What is a backstitch?
A backstitch is the reverse stitch on the sewing machine. You backstitch by sewing forward and backward to reinforce the stitching at the beginning and end of a seam.
What is the right side and wrong side of the fabric?
The right side of the fabric is the face of the fabric. The wrong side of the fabric is the back of the fabric.
How To Sew A Plain Seam
1. Match and join your two fabrics (right sides together). Sew along the seamline using a regular stitch.
2. Press the seam open. Done!
How To Sew A Slot Seam1. Sew a plain seam using a basting stitch.
2. Press the seam open.
3. Cut a strip of matching or contrasting fabric the same size width as the seam edges.
4. Lay the strip in place.
5. Like so...
6. Sew a 1/4 inch away from the seamline with a regular stitch.
7. Remove the basting stitches. Done!
How To Sew A French Seam
1. Match and join your fabric pieces, with wrong sides together. Stitch with 1/4 inch seam allowance. At this point, you can trim the seam allowance to 1/8 inch, if you like. I usually just leave it alone.
2. Press the seam allowance open.
3. Fold the fabric, right sides together.
4. Stitch a new 1/4 inch seam allowance, press to one side, and you're all done.
How To Sew A Flat-Felled Seam1. With wrong sides together, sew a plain seam.
2. Press to one side.
3. Fold over both edges of the seam 1/4 inch. Sew in place. Done!
Stay tuned for my next sewing post about pleats and tucks.
In the meantime, check out previous Sewing Tip posts here!